One of the exciting avenues that the Centre for Islam and Science offers is the possibility to examine scientific literacy in Muslim societies from historical, educational, and policy perspectives. To this end, science education researchers, practitioners, and policymakers will look at science education structures and systems in premodern as well as contemporary Muslim societies.
Learning about historical approaches to the teaching of science would inform the current efforts to enhance scientific literacy in Muslim countries and societies. Such research will provide practical examples from Islamic education on one hand, and, on the other, provide policy makers with precedents showing that science teaching was in fact fairly prevalent within premodern Islamic societies. Looking at existing perceptions about the epistemology of science would be central to this ongoing work, as understanding the inquiry methods, tools, and processes used to construct scientific knowledge is crucial to develop a meaningful scientific literacy. Furthermore, exploring the current social controversies and debates around various issues, for example, bioethics and evolution, would lead to a greater understanding of the complex factors that shape the attitudes of Muslims toward modern science.